HHS intends to spend the $250 million on the following main initiatives:
- $160 million for the creation of 500 new residency slots in primary care
- $32 million to train 600 physician assistants
- $30 million to fund the full-time education of 600 nursing students
- $15 million to support nurse-managed clinics
- $5 million to help states plan for the primary care shortage
- Training of 16,000 new primary care providers over the next five years
The Association of American Medical Colleges is predicting that the US will face a shortage of 21,000 primary care providers by 2015. The shortage is due to a combination of various factors including: fewer medical school graduates going into primary care, an aging population, and the expected patient increase resulting from expanded health coverage.